Formed in 1990, Pearl Jam is an American rock band that originated in Seattle, Washington. The band specializes in grunge, hard rock, and alternative rock.
Most of the band members have been part of the band from the beginning; Eddie Vedder – lead vocal, Mike McCready –lead guitar, Stone Gossard - rhythm guitar, Jeff Ament - bass, and Matt Cameron - drummer. But there have been others who had been part of the band, especially drummers, and Boom Gasper who is only a touring member.
Their debut album "Ten" in 1991 dealt mainly with unusual dark subjects such as murder, suicide, loneliness and depression. This style was rather slow to sell, but after a while, in 1992, it became a success and certified as gold to the extent that it reached No. 2 on Billboard Charts. The singles from the album that was a great hit were "Jeremy", "Alive", and "Even Flow", receiving four awards for Jeremy - MTV Video Music Awards, Video of the Year and Best Group Video.
With that success in hand, the band toured in support of their album but strangely enough, they refused to make video versions of their songs claiming that they wanted the songs to be heard and enjoyed as opposed to translating them to visual impressions only.
The second album "Vs" in 1993 sold as much as 950 thousand copies in the first week alone, and came up for the Billboard 10 in the same week, setting a record. Then came "Vitalogy" the third album and an equal success even if it had a rather rocky start due to differences in the band.
"No Code" in 1996, then "Yield" in 1998, and a return to straight rock that veered to garage rock but still, it was an album that debuted at No. 2 on Billboard charts. From this album came their first video, an animated video for the song “Do the Evolution”.
Several albums followed with great successes – "Binaural" in 2000, "Riot Act" in 2002, "Pearl Jam" in 2006, "Backspacer" in 2009, "Toronto 9.11.11" (A free live album available through Google Music), and "Lightning Bolt" in 2013.
The band’s eleventh studio album is awaited, and songs are being released from the album among which is "Can’t Deny Me".
Over the years, Pearl Jam has broadened its music making it less catchy and more popular and has been voted as the greatest American Rock Band of All Time by USA Today, and awarded a prize for Best Live Act - Esquire's Esky Music Awards.
All along the way of success, Pearl Jam has been known to make benefit concerts that cover various causes, especially in support of hunger, hurricane victims, donations to Habitat for Humanity, Red Cross, environmental activism, decreasing carbon emissions, among others.
It is interesting to note that in 2011, Pearl Jam was named Planet Defenders by Rock The Earth for their environmental activism and their large-scale efforts to decrease their own carbon emissions.