The American football team, Buffalo Bills was formed more than 50 years ago on October 28, 1959, and played their first season in 1960. The team is based in the Buffalo-Niagara Falls Metropolitan Area and is headquartered in New Era Field Orchard Park, New York. The franchise competes in the National Football League and is also a member club of the league’s American Football Conference (AFC) Eastern Division. It is the only NFL team that plays its home matches in the state of New York; however, they perform their summer training camp at St. John Fisher College in Pittsford, New York.
The franchise originally started playing in the American Football League in 1960 but joined the NFL in 1970 after the merger of AFL and NFL. The Buffalo Bills are the only NFL team to have won four successive Conference Championships, as well as the only team to have lost four successive Super Bowl Games. Furthermore, it is the only team that has the longest active playoff drought and has never had appearances in the playoffs since 2000.
Their key divisional rivalries include Miami Dolphins, New England Patriots, and New York Jets and other rivalries are Kansas City Chiefs, Cleveland Browns, Houston Oilers, Tennessee Titans, Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts, and Dallas Cowboys. The team won the AFL Championships in 1964 and 1965, as well as Conference Championships in 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993. Furthermore, they have won 10 Divisional Championships for AFL Eastern Division in 1964, 1965, and 1966, as well as in 1980, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, and 1995.
They have so far had 17 playoff appearances in AFL in 1963, 1964, 1965, and 1966, as well as in NFL in 1974, 1980, 1981, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, and 1999. The Buffalo retired numbers include No. 12 for Jim Kelly, as well as No. 78 for Bruce Smith only two from the franchise history. However, the unofficially retired numbers include No. 32 for O. J Simpson for the season from 1969 to 1977 together with No. 34 for Thurman Thomas for the seasons 1988 to 1999 that was previously won by Cookie Gilchrist for the seasons from 1962 to 1964. The numbers in reduced circulation include No. 44 for Elbert Dubenion for the seasons 1960 to 1968, No. 66 for Billy Shaw for the seasons 1961 to 1969, and No. 83 for Andre Reed for the seasons 1985 to 1999.
The Buffalo Bills Pro Football Hall of Famers include O. J. Simpson for the seasons 1969 to 1977 and was inducted in 1985, Billy Shaw for the seasons 1961 to 1969 and was inducted in 1999, Marv Levy for the seasons 1986 to 1997 and 2006 to 2007 and was inducted in 2001, Jim Kelly for the seasons 1986 to 1996 and was inducted in 2002, James Lofton for the seasons 1989 to 1992 and was inducted in 2003.
Other Hall of Famers were Joe DeLamielleure for the season 1973 to 1979 and 1985 and was inducted in 2003, Thurman Thomas for the seasons 1988 to 1999 and was inducted in 2007, Bruce Smith for the seasons 1985 to 1999 and was inducted in 2009, Ralph Wilson for the seasons 1959 to 2014 and was inducted in 2009, Andre Reed for the seasons 1985 to 1999 and was inducted in 2014, and Bill Polian for the seasons 1984 to 1992 and was inducted in 2015.