The American professional baseball team, the Los Angeles Dodgers plays in the Major League Baseball (MLB) in the West Division. Los Angeles Dodgers was established in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York and is based in Los Angeles, California. The team is a member club of the National League (NL) competing and later transferred to Los Angeles in the 1958 season. They initially played 4 seasons at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving to their present home of Dodger Stadium after the 1962 season.
The Los Angeles Dodgers franchise has since won 6 World Series titles in addition to 21 National League pennants. Furthermore, they have clinched 11 National League MVP Award winners who have played for the team since its inception, which have enabled the Dodgers to win a total of thirteen MVP Awards, twelve Cy Young Awards. They also boast of producing seventeen Rookie of the Year Award winners as seen from four consecutive wins from 1979 to 1982 and from 1992 to 1996 respectively.
Los Angeles Dodgers is the first MLB team to win championships in multiple leagues in 1889 and 1890 consecutively, and their first television broadcast in 1939. Dodgers were the first team to use batting helmets in 1941, as well as the first MLB team to induct a black American player in 1947 and to emblem numbers in front of their uniforms in 1952. Dodgers was the first West Coast team in 1958 alongside San Francisco Giants, as well as the first MLB team to allow access for a woman sports journalist into a locker room in 1974.
Los Angeles Dodgers received the hugest home opener attendance of 78, 672 people in 1958, a record that was broken by Colorado Rockies in 1974. Their single biggest game attendance was 93,103 people in 1959 followed by 115,300 people in 2008 that remain a world record. In 1998, the Dodgers was the first MLB team to open an office outside America in Asia and has the best MLB record for Home start going 13-0 in 2009. Furthermore, the team retains the North American record for purchasing a sports team for $2 billion in 2012, and the first MLB team to induct a woman lead trainer in 2012.
The Los Angeles Dodgers key rivalries include the San Francisco Giants, a rivalry that dates back from the nineteenth century when both teams were still based in New York. New York Yankees is also a major rivalry for the Dodgers since their days in New York and has continued to be revived in 1963, 1977, 1978, and 1981 for their battles in West Coast and East Coast World Series. However, their competition with the Philadelphia Phillies started when the Dodgers were still based in New York, but the rivalry has consistently been fierce for the most of the 1970s, 1980s, and 2000s seasons. Other rivalries include the Cincinnati Reds which was very much heated during the 1970s and 1980s, as well as the 1990s. However, their rivalry with the San Diego Padres and Los Angeles Angles of Anaheim has been facilitated by regional proximity.