Houston Astros is a professional baseball club based in Houston, Texas and competes in Major League Baseball (MLB). The team was established in 1962 as a member club of the American League (AL) Western Division from the National League where they played their first fifty-one seasons. The franchise plays their home matches at Minute Maid Park since the year 2000. The team was originally established as Houston Colt .45s when they entered the National League in 1962 and adopted their new name to reflect Houston’s role as the US Space Program control center in 1965, and consequently moved the Astrodome that was the first domed sports stadium in the world.
The Houston Astros got played in the National League between 1962 and 2012 and the Western Division between 1969 and 1993, while in the Central Division they played between 1994 and 2012. The franchise has also played in a single World Series while they were a club member of the National League in 2005 playing against the Chicago White Sox who thrashed them in four games. It was the first World Series in Texas where the Chicago White Sox won the first two matches against Houston Astros at the US Cellular Field in Chicago, and the final two in Houston. However, the third game marked the first World Series game played in the state of Texas and is considered as the longest match in the World Series history taking 5 hours and 41 minutes.
As of the completion of 2016 season, the franchise record have received 196 wins and 288 losses in the 1962 – 1964 seasons out of 486 games, 3803 wins and 3846 losses in the 1965 – 2012 seasons out of 7652 games, and 291 wins and 357 losses in the 2013 – 2016 seasons out of 648 games. The franchise has also made some achievements including the Darryl Kile Award. The Houston Astros Hall of Famers includes Nelie Fox, Jeff Bagwell, Craig Biggio, Leo Durocher, Randy Johnson, Joe Morgan, Eddie Mathews, Robin Roberts, Ivan Rodriguez, Nolan Ryan, and Don Sutton.
Furthermore, the recipients of the Ford C. Frick Award include gene Elston, Milo Hamilton, and Harry Kalas. The Houston Astros important players are Lee Ballanfant in the 1961 to 1970 seasons, Pete Runnels in the 1963 to 1964 seasons, Jeff Bagwell in the 1991 to 2005 and 2010 seasons, Craig Biggio in the 1988 to 2007 seasons, Joe Morgan in the 1963 to 1971 and 1980 seasons, Eddie Mathews in the 1967 season, Ivan Rodriguez in the 2009 season, Lance Berkman in the 1999 to 2010 seasons, Andy Pettitte in the 2004 to 2006 seasons, and Roger Clemens in the 2004 to 2006 seasons.
Other Houston Astros in the Texas Sports Hall of Fame are Nolan Ryan in the 1980 to 1988 seasons, Robin Roberts in the 1965 to 1966 seasons, and Larry Dierker in 1964 to 1977 and 1997 to 2001 seasons. In December 2016, the Astros agreed to a 30-year deal to field a Class-A Advanced team in Fayetteville, North Carolina, beginning in 2019. The team will play their 2017 and 2018 seasons in Buies Creek while a new stadium is built in Fayetteville.